When choosing a medical bed, two basic criteria should be considered: the
Type of facility or health care unit in which it will be used and the type of patients for whom it is intended.
Medical beds find use in a variety of settings:
- Nursing homes
- Home care
There are also beds with specific features designed for certain types of patients:
- Elderly persons or persons with reduced mobility
- Overweight people (bariatric beds)
- Children (pediatric beds)
Hospital beds can have features and functionality that can increase patient and caregiver comfort, facilitate patient transport, increase safety, etc.
There are many features and functions that affect the comfort of patients and nurses, as well as ease of transport and safety. Below is a brief list of the main features that should be taken into account based on the type of patient and the type of care to be provided.
- Number of articulated bed sections, or joints
- Possible positions , Trendelenburg, sitting position, etc.
- Presence of a leg lifting mechanism
- Bed height: a very low bed, for example, will positively affect the autonomy of some patients.
Ergonomics for hospital staff:
Hospital staff comfort is also of paramount importance. Bed ergonomics also depend on certain bed features and functionality. Some of the most ergonomic beds include the following:
- Bed with electrically adjustable backrest
- Height adjustable bed with remote control
Easy bed handling
Hospital beds may have features that positively affect the ease of transporting the bedridden patient, such as from one place to another
- Pedal bed (pedals are accessible from each side and allow you to lock and unlock the wheels)
- Motorized mobile bed.
To increase patient safety and avoid the risk of falls, a medical bed may be equipped with:
- Removable barriers
- Very low bed, to limit the risk of serious injury in case of a fall
The cost of a hospital bed will, of course, depend on the type of bed and the options and accessories it has. Manual beds, for example, are for obvious reasons less expensive than electric beds and are a limited solution for patients who are likely to stay in the same position for a long time. Semi-electric beds, finally, represent an intermediate solution.
How to choose a medical bed for home care
Beds intended for home care may have different features and functionality than beds intended for hospitals. Companies that offer these models often pay even more attention to patient comfort and bed aesthetics. The main criteria to consider when choosing and purchasing a home care bed are described below.
Ease of use:
Some features facilitate the daily use of the bed, such as the electric drive of the frame joint, the ease of tilting the backrest, the width of the bed and so on.
Home care beds exist in a wide variety of designs, materials, and finishes (e.g., wood), so patients can choose a model that fits the style of their room.
In contrast to hospital beds, home care models also exist in a double size,
How to choose a hospital bed rental.
The characteristics of an electric hospital bed for rent are the same as those for purchase. The bed must allow medical personnel, attendants to perform care with less physical effort.
The benefits of renting are numerous.
- Being able to choose a very advanced bed without an excessive financial expense.
- To be able to use a service for a specific time while waiting for the asl to deliver the health care materials.
- Have the aids in your home in a short period of time, often with a maximum of 24 hours.
What kind of mattress to choose for a hospital orthopedic bed
There are several factors to consider when choosing a hospital bed mattress, ranging from flexibility to thickness, washability to anti-decubitus properties.
The mattress should not be too stiff so that it can adapt to the different movements of the bed frame.
Patient comfort will depend largely on the thickness of the mattress. Should the patient need to spend more than 12 hours a day in bed, it is preferable to invest in a thicker and therefore more comfortable mattress.
The mattress will need to be easy to wash. For people who suffer from incontinence, it is essential to opt for a mattress with an antimicrobial lining.
You should also choose a mattress and cover that is waterproof and stain resistant.
Some mattresses reduce the risk of pressure ulcers. They can be made of viscoelastic foam or pneumatic. The latter are also called inflatable mattresses. Viscoelastic mattresses distribute the patient's weight evenly and adapt to changes in weight and pressure of different parts of the body, preventing the formation of pressure sores. Pneumatic mattresses, on the other hand, consist of a number of air cells whose pressure is automatically regulated by a compressor.